How To Become an EMT

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics provide on-the-scene, immediate medical care to patients in emergency situations such as an automobile accident or heart attack. They also transport the sick or injured to a medical facility. will help you maximize your training by teaching you the bare bones in the Emergency Medical Technician field.

EMT’s and paramedics are typically dispatched to the scene by a 911 operator and often work with a police or fire department. All EMTs must know how to assess the emergency scene, control bleeding, apply splints, assist with childbirth, administer oxygen and perform CPR and other basic life support skills.

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In addition to having your GED or high school diploma, you’ll need to complete an accredited EMT program, usually a 6-month to 2-year certificate, diploma or associate degree program depending on the level of certification.

An EMT I-Basic program will provide you with plenty of hands-on experience in how to perform physical exams, assess trauma, administer oxygen, perform airway maintenance and semi-automatic defibrillation, and administer medication. To earn certification as an EMT- paramedic, you’ll first need EMT I-Basic certification. Most EMT- paramedic programs are 2-year associate’s degree programs, which require extensive coursework and clinical training.

At each level of certification, the roles and responsibilities of the EMT increase. An EMT-I has basic training and may assist a patient with the administration of the patient’s prescribed nitroglycerin or handheld inhaler. Intermediate level EMTs (EMT-II and EMT-III) have more advanced training which allows them to administer intravenous fluids, use manual defibrillators to give lifesaving shocks to a stopped heart, and use advanced airway techniques and equipment to assist patients experiencing respiratory emergencies. Paramedics (EMT-paramedic) have the most training and expansive scope of authorized activities. They administer more emergency medications and perform a wider variety of procedures.

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Emergency Medical Technician Certification

EMTs need to be certified or registered by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) in all states. However, some states administer their own certification examination and provide the option of taking the NRMET examination. To maintain certification, EMTs and paramedics must reregister every two years.
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